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Central New Jersey Atlantic & Pacific Steam
Atlantic Type
The need for fast passenger trains pre-dated a similar need in freight service by several years. As the American Type came into its own heyday, development was rapid. As goals were met, greater needs became apparent. The American had met the needs of power and speed with the then current passenger trains, but it was then known that to sustain those speeds over longer distances, more boiler capacity was needed. By placing the wide firebox of a larger boiler behind the drivers and providing a trailer to carry it, the Atlantic was added to the growing list of locomotive types...This was to be the high speed power for many years, while the Ten-Wheeler handled the heavier trains at more moderate speeds.

CNJ 4-4-2 Atlantic, 1890's #572

CNJ 4-4-2 Atlantic Vauclain Compound, 1899's #582

CNJ 4-4-2 Atlantic 590 class, 1901's #592

CNJ 4-4-2 Atlantic, built 1912 @Reading shops #805
Suburban Tank Engines
Newark presented a problem with its lack of space and stub-tracked passenger station. Most of its trains were of shuttle nature, since the distance to Jersey City was but eight miles and to Elizabethport seven miles. No facilities were provided to turn the engines. Likewise engines could not be turned at South Amboy or Chrome where some local passenger runs terminated.... Three classes of Suburban Tank Engines were, in turn, used in this service. However this was not an exclusive feature, as these engines ran to other points and road engines ran to Newark. Many of the road engines so used had pilots attached to their tenders. Water was often a real problem due to the small tank capacity.Toward the end of steam operation road engines with back pilots became the only passenger power working to Newark.

CNJ 2-4-0 , 1871 #124

CNJ 4-6-4 with superheaters and feed-water heaters, 1923 #229

CNJ 2-6-2 Tank Engines, 1903 #201
Fast passenger trains became heavier with steel cars, and increased patronage to a point where the Atlantic could not handle them.The Pacific 4-6-2 was a natural development for this class of service. With their big wheels they could meet the fast schedules and their power permitted hauling freight trains when required.

CNJ Pacific 4-6-2 , 1918 #825

CNJ Pacific 4-6-2 , built in 1928 had stokers and feed-water heaters, later painted blue for "The Blue Comet" #832

CNJ Pacific 4-6-2 , 1930 #814

CNJ Pacific 4-6-2 #813

Bill Waller
The last five Pacifics, like 814, were constructed in 1930.They were of compromise design to clear a restricting tunnel at Lanford,PA.,with the "Williamsporter" and to handle the heavy mail trains between Bethlehem and Scranton.They are practically of the same dimensions as the Comet engines except for their 74" wheels,which reduced the height by two and one half inches and made them more powerful.Speed was not appreciably reduced by their smaller wheels.
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North East Rails  Clint Chamberlin.
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